Bathhouse blog

Bathing traditions

Bathing traditions have a long and rich history, encompassing many cultures around the world. Here's a brief overview of some of them:

Russian Bath (Banya)

  1. History: The Russian bath has a thousand-year history and is an integral part of Russian culture. The first baths appeared in Ancient Rus, and this type of steam bath remains popular to this day.
  2. Process: The traditional Russian bath includes several stages:

  • Warming Up: Visitors enter the steam room, where the temperature can reach 80-100 degrees Celsius.
  • Steaming: Birch, oak, or other tree branches are used, which help improve blood circulation and cleanse the skin.
  • Cooling Down: After the steam room, it is common to pour cold water over oneself, or take a dip in a plunge pool.
  • Resting: After all the procedures, there is a period of rest, often accompanied by herbal tea or other beverages.

  1. Benefits: The Russian bath helps relieve stress, improve blood circulation, cleanse the skin, and strengthen the immune system.

Finnish Sauna

  1. History: The Finnish sauna also has an ancient history and is an important part of Finnish culture. The first saunas appeared in Finland over 2000 years ago.
  2. Process:

  • Warming Up: In the sauna, the temperature can reach 70-110 degrees Celsius, with dry air.
  • Cooling Down: As in the Russian bath, after the sauna comes cooling, often by dipping into cold water or snow.
  • Repetition: The procedures of warming up and cooling down are often repeated several times.

  1. Benefits: The sauna helps relax muscles, improve skin condition, detoxify the body, and strengthen the cardiovascular system.

Turkish Hammam

  1. History: The hammam, or Turkish bath, has roots in ancient Roman baths and is an important part of Turkish and Arab cultures.
  2. Process:

  • Heating: Visitors start by warming up in a warm room, gradually moving to hotter rooms.
  • Massage: In the hammam, a soap massage is often performed, helping to cleanse the skin and relax muscles.
  • Washing: After the massage comes thorough washing and relaxation in a cooler room.

  1. Benefits: The hammam helps improve blood circulation, cleanse the skin, relieve stress, and relax muscles.

Japanese Ofuro

  1. History: Japanese ofuro baths have an ancient tradition and are part of the Japanese way of life.
  2. Process:

  • Bathing: In ofuro, water is heated to 40-50 degrees Celsius, and bathing occurs in a sitting position.
  • Relaxation: The procedure is aimed at deep relaxation and meditation.

  1. Benefits: Ofuro helps relieve fatigue, improve sleep, cleanse the skin, and relax muscles.


Bathing traditions, whether it’s the Russian banya, Finnish sauna, Turkish hammam, or Japanese ofuro, offer unique ways to enhance physical and mental health. Each of these cultural practices has its own features and benefits, making them an important part of cultural heritage and modern lifestyle.